Be it beautiful or from a great jewelry store, all jewelry needs to be carefully adjusted according to the materials and metals that make it.
To keep the jewelry in perfect condition for as long as possible, it is important to have a few ideas to really know its composition. Follow our guide and find out everything you need to know to know different types of jewelry.
How do identify gold jewelry?
Several solutions are available for you to know if your jewelry is gold or not. You can go to a jewelry store to have it inspected by a professional or you can choose to do the inspection yourself. Why? By paying attention to the various signs there are on the pieces.
As a reminder, the small symbols written on the jewelry make it possible to identify the carat, an indication of the quality of the gold.
There are different carats to describe the amount of gold present in a ring or bracelet: 24, 22, 18, 14, or 9 carats (24 being the highest value associated with pure gold and 9 being the lowest value). Carats between 9 and 22 indicate that the piece is made of an alloy – that is, gold mixed with other metals.
The alloys most commonly used in jewelry are 22 and 18 carats in Europe and 14 in the USA.
To find the percentage of gold in a jewelry item, there is a symbol associated with each weight:
- 24-carat gold is represented by a seahorse.
- The 22 and 18 carats are represented by an eagle’s head.
- The 14 carats is a scallop shell.
- The 9-carat and 3-leaf clover.
How to identify silver jewelry?
Unlike gold jewelry, it is not possible to perform an authenticity test on silver coins. The only way to know the quality of the alloy that makes up the jewelry is to look at its mark with a magnifying glass.
For solid silver jewelry, there are two grades of alloy:
- 925 silver, known by the head of Minerva, corresponds to pure solid silver.
- 800 silver, slightly less white, is known for its palm-shaped symbol.
- Because of the silver jewelry, the work will be a little more difficult. The only caveat you may have about jewelry is that it oxidizes quickly, not turning green or bronze-like base metals.
What about other precious metals?
Not all precious jewelry is made of gold or silver. Some ethnic wholesale jewelry, for example, is made from other precious materials such as platinum. To see if the jewelry is in platinum, look at its symbol: if the latter is in the shape of a dog’s head, then you are in front of platinum 950.
With bronze jewelry, if you have doubts, do not hesitate to have them tested in a jewelry store. A quick acid test confirms that your piece is authentic.
Finally, metal jewelry is easily recognized by its dark gray color and strong resistance. Where precious metals are soft and unbreakable, steel exhibits extraordinary strength and unparalleled durability.
How do you know if artificial pearls are real or not?
To determine the authenticity of cultured pearls, you must first observe them carefully. It’s all a question of light and emotion. Mother-of-pearl gives them a rich color and sparkles in the light.
In addition, real pearls are usually cooler to the touch than artificial pearls. They warm slowly when they come in contact with the skin.
Also, pay close attention to their appearance: if they are real cultured pearls, they will have a smooth surface, without cracks or defects. If you notice a small scratch, then there is a good chance that your pearls are not natural.
How to identify the items of jewelry to wear?
For bakelite jewelry, a resin widely used in jewelry making in the 70s and 80s, auction house experts advise you to gently pick the jewelry on your teeth. The resulting sound will allow you to determine whether it is bakelite or plastic easily. The bakelite will “bounce” on your teeth, producing a sharp, sharp sound.
This material is very popular with the designers of the best pieces because it allows the imagination to run free while guaranteeing some quality and resistance.
As for plastic jewelry, it is easy to recognize because it is light. The instability of this material makes all imaginations possible, so plastic jewelry can take different shapes and colors and is easy to wear every day. However, there is a flip side to the coin.
Jewelry made of plastic (, or high-quality materials) is more susceptible to the test of time. In addition, the stiffness of the plastic means that these parts do not withstand real shock. Treat them well so they don’t end up with half a ring or bracelet in a thousand pieces!